Case analysis is a detailed systematic examination in order to understand the medical records and identify the essential data/pertinent information which represents the final verdict of the case. Case analysis is an integral part impacting the development of final product facilitating easy assimilation. It helps in scrutinizing deviations or negligence from the standard of care. It allows tracking of all medical visits progressions and timeline of the patient’s clinical course. The following are the key aspects of the case analysis:
- Facts of the case (what actually happened)
- Resultant damages
- Who is the defendant
- Focus period analysis(Prior/Damages)
- Critical details
- Contradictory information (if any)
Case analysis should establish a causal and temporal relationship and indicate the effect of treatment, any unanticipated effects, the patient’s final health status, any further proposed treatments, and the patient’s present status at the time of the report. A case analysis that contains detailed and relevant patient information allows the reader with a different clinical expertise to uncover idiosyncrasies. The case analysis should be descriptive, organized chronologically, accurate and presented in a narrative form. An ideal case analysis contains information that pertains to the case and refrains from providing confusing and superfluous data. The purpose of the analysis is not to dazzle the attorney with in-depth knowledge of the medicine. Rather, the analysis should assist the attorney’s understanding of the medicine and how the medicine affects the legal issues in the case. It requires data management skills, accurate documentation and highlighting core details. Case analysis plays a vital role in understanding medical malpractice cases clearly and in identifying the medical negligence. History of the patient, medical events, damages sustained and the medical care provided is also included in the case analysis. Case analysis provides the facts about the case in chronological order and sufficient details to establish conclusions about the case’s validity.